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Eric Arthur Blair, better known by his pen name George Orwell, was a British author best known for having written the anti-authoritarian books Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty Four. He was a socialist, and campaigned against totalitarianism. He fought for the Republican government in the Spanish Civil War.

Essays Edit

George Orwell's essays were politically motivated in the sense that they attempted to address political and sociological conundrums as he saw them. He was a socialist, and a member of the Independent Labour Party.

On language Edit

In his essays and writings, George Orwell frequently reflects on good writing and the sorry state of affairs as he saw it in England at the time. He was dismissive of cliches, metaphors, slogans and politically correct language - in one of his essays, Politics And The English Language[1], he makes the point that much of what constitutes as 'good writing' is devoid of meaning or a clear comprehension on the part of the writer what he wants to parlay to the reader. In the same article, he advocates restraint on the part of the writer not to follow in the footsteps of the politician, whom Orwell accused of using language in such a way 'to make lies sound truthful and murder respectable, and to give an appearance of solidity to pure wind'.

His strong feelings on language being bereft of all meaning by political forces became a major theme in Nineteen Eighty Four - in the novel, he termed the 'phenomenon' Newspeak.

On leisurely activities Edit

In his essay Pleasure Spots[2], Orwell summarises that most people's idea of a 'good time' revolves around 'never being alone' and music always playing in the background - audible enough but not so loud that they cannot talk over it.

He is particularly interested in exploring the impact of background music in the way it's being utilised in bars and cafes. He says it is being used to eradicate thought and lull the individual into an infantile state much like the baby inside the womb - every necessity is provided for, all anxieties are tranquilised. Another primary objective of the background tune is to shut out any natural sound from the surrounding environment, such as chirping birds or 'the whistling of the wind'.

This theme - of music as a tool for social control - is also explored by Aldous Huxley in his book Brave New World Revisited.

Notable works Edit

Title Date ISBN
Animal Farm 1945
Nineteen Eighty Four 1949

References Edit

Links Edit

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