The Zanclean Flood inundated the Mediterranean Basin after the almost complete evaporation of the Mediterranean Sea in the event known as the Messinian Salinity Crisis.
The exact nature of this flood, which occurred when Atlantic waters breached the present-day Straits of Gibraltar, had previously been poorly understood. It is thought that the deluge was most likely triggered by the sinking of a slab of lithosphere beneath the Betic-Rifean orogen.
Studies of boreholes and seismic surveys taken from within the Straits have revealed deep, Messinian age incisions beneath the present-day sea floor. These cuts are seen to extend over 200km laterally and exceed 250 metres in depth on both Atlantic and Mediterranean sides of the Straits.
The researchers believe that, while a preliminary, low level discharge may have lasted for thousands of years, 90% of the flood waters were transported from the Atlantic in a period of less than two years. Such a mighty influx would, at its height, have caused sea levels in the Mediterranean to have risen by over 10 metres per day.
Evidence for the cyclic desiccation of the Mediterranean Sea has come from the presence of deep (up to 2500m) fluvial canyons that were carved into the empty seabed during the Messinian, when water levels were around a kilometre lower. Similar evidence is also found in the salt deposits from the centre of the basin, which can be found in outcrop in Italy, Libya and Sicily.
Atlantropa, also referred to as Panropa, was a gigantic engineering and colonization project devised by the German architect Herman Sörgel in the 1920s and promulgated by him until his death in 1952. Its central feature was a hydroelectric dam to be built across the Strait of Gibraltar, which would have provided enormous amounts of hydroelectricity and would have led to the lowering of the surface of the Mediterranean Sea by up to 200 metres, opening up large new lands for settlement, for example in a now almost totally drained Adriatic Sea.
Plato provided 53 physical clues in his famous dialogue Critias -- the original account of the story of Atlantis that is the sole basis of all Atlantis research. The book proves that the island of Cyprus and the underwater landscape just south of Cyprus is a perfect match with 51 of these clues. Exclusive 3D bathymetric maps based on new scientific data show for the first time a stretch of sunken land off of Cyprus. The general layout of the landscape of Atlantis as described by Plato is easily discernible on this underwater land mass, as well as the precise location of its capital-Atlantis City. This robust empirical data is joined with other original findings based on mythological analysis and historical research, making the case for Cyprus increasingly obvious. With this compelling new interpretation of Plato, author Robert Sarmast brings the legendary island of Atlantis alive for the first time.